An overview of point-of-care ultrasound for soft tissue and musculoskeletal applications in the emergency department

去年和亞洲的專家們一起整理分享了POCUS在急診的應用,我負責的部份是Soft tissue & MSK的領域,也希望藉由經驗的分享讓大家了解POCUS在急診軟組織和骨骼肌肉急症的部份其實可以幫上忙的地方是很多的。

Background:
The skin, soft tissue, and most parts of the musculoskeletal system are relatively superficial anatomical structures and ideal targets for ultrasound examination in the emergency departments. Soft tissue and musculoskeletaultrasound applications are relatively underused compared to traditional emergency applications, such as trauma, abdominal aortic aneurysm, and chest and cardiovascular systems.
Main text:
It is important to have knowledge about sonoanatomy and landmarks within the skin, soft tissue, anmusculoskeletal systems. Portable machines equipped with high resolution transducers are now available to fulfill this field of applications in many emergency departments. After needling practice, emergency physicians can not only diagnose and identify pathological findings but also provide interventional procedures and treatments. In this review, we will introduce point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) applications regarding the soft tissue and musculoskeletal systems: soft tissue infections, joint effusions, foreign bodies, long bone fractures, muscle and tendon injuries, vascular occlusions, and procedures.
Conclusions:
With POCUS, emergency physicians can visualize the structures beneath t he skin and provide better and safer cares in the emergency departments

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